Göran Malmqvist was born on 6 June 1924 in Jönköping, Sweden. Following introductory studies of Chinese under Sinologist Bernhard Karlgren at Stockholm University, Malmqvist studied in China in 1948 - 1950. He then returned to Stockholm, taking a Licentiate of Arts degree in 1951. His international research career started shortly thereafter with a lectureship in Chinese at the University of London in 1953 - 1955. He was then appointed Swedish cultural attaché in Peking and worked in China. He is an expert in Ancient Chinese and has translated lots of modern Chinese writings such as novels by Shen Tsung Wen, Lu Xun, Gao Xingjian, Li Rui and poems by Bei Dao.