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Bigger doesn't mean bolder: Antipredator behavior in animals of different size

Like humans, different animals may behave differently. According to the pace-of-life hypothesis, animals of smaller body sizes generally have shorter life spans and begin reproduction at earlier ages compared to larger species. Since they are required to reproduce within relatively fast-paced life histories, smaller species may exhibit riskier behavior in order to quickly secure sufficient food resources. This study examined four wild rodent species in Taiwan and their behavioral response to predator (leopard cat) cues, and it was found that the two rodents of smaller size invested less time in avoidance behavior, while the larger species were relatively cautious. These findings correspond to the pace-of-life hypothesis, suggesting that larger animals are not necessarily bolder.

Taiwan President Commends Technology Research Milestone at NTNU

Taiwan President Ing-Wen Tsai attended the official launch of National Taiwan Normal University’s tenth College on October 4. Present at the unveiling ceremony of the College of Industry-Academia Innovation (CIAI) at NTNU were Minister of Education Wen-Chung Pan, NTNU President Cheng-Chih Wu, Chairman of NTNU Alumni Association Sheng-Hsiung Hsu, Honorary Chairman Jin-Pyng Wang, and business leaders from 12 enterprise partners in the program's inaugural year, including Chant Oil Co. Ltd., E Ink Realtek Semiconductor, Konglin Construction and Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Coretronic Corp., Leadtek Research Inc., AU Corp., AcBel Polytech Inc., and EZ-AI Corp.

Teens addicted to their phones and the internet during the COVID-19 outbreak

Smartphones and the popularization of the internet have allowed teenagers to rapidly expand their spheres of life, scope of recreational activities, and interpersonal relationships. The internet can also be utilized to create a ubiquitous learning environment to increase performance and competitiveness. The COVID-19 outbreak has further integrated phones and the internet into every aspect of teenagers’ lives. It has been observed, however, that during the pandemic, many Taiwanese teenagers have become addicted to their phones and the internet, affecting their pace of life, negatively impacting academic performance, impeding interpersonal relationships, and, in severe cases, inducing health problems. So exactly how bad was the problem of Taiwanese teenagers’ internet addiction during the COVID-19 outbreak, and what caused them to become addicted to their phones and the internet?

Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Explores Future of Language Education during Japan Academic Exchange Visit

Tokyo, August 30, 2023 - During their Covid-delayed academic exchange visit to Japan's Kanto Region, students from National Taiwan Normal University's (NTNU) Department of Technology Application and Human Resource (TAHRD), led by Professors Chiou-Lan Chern, Yu-Liang Ting, and Tzymei Shih (Dr. A), embarked on a journey with three distinct purposes: An academic visit to Chiba University, a technology lesson exchange with students from The Second High School of Tokyo University of Agriculture, and pilot research aimed at understanding the evolving landscape of language education in the age of technology. This innovative research project seeks to explore the impact of technology on travel-related English, raising pivotal questions about the future of language learning.

Neuroscience Shows How Exercise Can Help Children With ADHD

It is well-established that cognitive functions are an important factor that affects children’s learning. Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), however, often suffer from learning difficulties and social adaptation problems due to their lack of sustained attention and inhibitory control. While research has shown that acute exercise can improve cognitive functions, the duration of such beneficial effects is yet to be confirmed. Moreover, objective benchmarks such as event-related brain potentials (ERP) and resting-state heart rate variability (HRV) are less used in physical and psychological observation. The objective of this study was to understand the sustained effects of acute moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (MAE) on inhibitory control in children with ADHD. A within-subject design was conducted on 24 children diagnosed with ADHD ranging from 8-12 years old, and the changes in inhibitory control, heart rate variability (HRV), and event-related potentials (ERP) indices were observed within one hour after an exercise intervention condition or a control condition. The results indicated that acute bouts of MAE facilitate inhibitory control in children with ADHD for as long as 60 min, which was reflected in the children’s performance and ERP measurements. However, acute aerobic exercise may not modulate sympathovagal balance during the post-exercise recovery. Overall, we highlight the importance of acute aerobic exercise for children with ADHD as a potential means to facilitate brain health.